Period just before dawn
Mashambanzou – These are the ‘wee hours’ of the morning. Elephants take bathes to cool off.
Rufuramhembwe – It is the time of weak sunlight – when sunlight first appears. This is the browsing time of the duiker, when it is cool. Duikers are notorious for crop raiding; therefore, traps can be set for them in the fields.
Runyanhiriri – Nhiriri is a wild cat. In agricultural areas, livestock is preyed on by such predators.
Mavambakuedza – Vamba means ‘commence.’ Edza means ‘be light/ bright.’
Rukungurima. Kweru – This describes the period between darkness and daylight, from dawn to sunrise.
Early morning just after sunrise
Mazambambira – When dassies sun themselves. Mbira is the Shona word for dassie – a small herbivorous mammal.
Time of morning when dew is still on the ground
Rugumabeto. Rupumhadova – Guma and pumha are words that mean ‘to shake off.’ Beto refers to water that is suspended on grass. Dova is the word for dew.
General, for very early morning
First heat of day
Madziyamushana. Madziyazuva. Rudziyakamwe – Mushana refers to the morning sunshine.
General for morning
Mangwanani – This is also the opening statement for the Shona morning greeting.
Masikati – This refers to the time of the day from about midday to late afternoon. Masikati is the opening statement for the Shona afternoon greeting.
Madeukazuva – Deuka means ‘set.’
Rukungurima. Rukunguvira – Rukungurima is used again to refer to the evening twilight. This is the period from sunset to dusk.
Mazeruza. Rufuramhembwe. Ruvhunzavaeni – Duikers also browse at dusk. When it is beginning to get dark, travellers will seek somewhere to put up for the night.
Mazariramombe – This is the time cattle are put away to their kraal, after having spent the day grazing.
Manheru.Madeko. Manhoko – Manheru is the opening statement for the Shona evening greeting.
Usiku – This is commonly used to refer to the darkest hours of the day.