Hozi

a traditional african hut used for grain storage. It is stone raised and supported by boulders.
Basic facts about the grain-storage hut, and related vocabulary
About

The hozi is used for permanent storage of crop. Inside, it is divided into a number of storage units (matura), so that the different types of crop are stored separately. These crops include maize, millet and nuts. High up on each dura inside, is a small window-like opening, usually small enough to fit only a child. As a result, children are taken to assist with collecting the crop when needed. The hozi could also be used as sleeping quarters if there is extra floor space.

Other than the entrance, the hut is completely sealed hence very dark inside. Its base is normally made of timber and stones, which are less likely to permit termites and rodents. It is raised above the ground, supported by timber and boulders. This is to avoid water seeping up from the ground, thus ensuring moisture-free conditions for the dried crop.

Related Vocabulary
  • ndudzuThis is another word used to refer to the grain-storage hut.
  • gudzururu/ mhungu

    These words are used to refer to the space below a raised building. In this instance, this is the space below the hozi.

  • hwadzamba

    This is the timber, typically arranged in parallel series, supporting the floor of the hut. That is, the joists.

  • uriri

    This is used to refer to the part of the floor on which people sleep. As mentioned earlier, the hut could also be used as sleeping quarters.